Dental services

Root canal treatment

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What is root canal treatment?

The procedure involves removing infected or damaged tissue from inside a tooth as well as cleaning, filling and sealing the cleaned root canal and areas of the upper tooth cavity.

Why are root canal treatments necessary?

In healthy teeth the pulp (soft inner tissue of the tooth or 'nerve') is protected by a layer of dentin and cementum. When caries progress to a deep cavity or a crack destroys these protective layers the pulp is exposed to bacteria. This can result in infection and progress eventually in the dying off of the pulp. If untreated, bacteria or irritants may then enter from the end of the root into the tissue adjoining the bone and cause further infection (apical lesion) in the bone.

A root canal treatment removes the diseased pulp from the inside of the tooth and root and fills the space with matereal to seal this space. This then allows the bone surrounding the root end to repair and heal. Depending on the size and placement of the cavity it is either possible to restore the shape and structure of the tooth fill the by filling the cavity in the tooth or if the tooth above the gumline has decayed so far as that it cannot be restored by means of filling it may be necessary to prepare the tooth and apply a crown.

Although the pulp is removed by this procedure, the tooth remains alive, nourished by surrounding bone and gum tissues.

Concerns you may have

With our modern techniques and anesthetics our patients comment that having a root canal treatment is similar to having a cavity filled. Should you experience any discomfort after your treatment we will be there for you and do everything possible to alliviate your discomfort, as we are available to our patients 24 hours.